全国月饼价格联盟

赏月品月饼,中秋共团圆 | 双语阅读

FT每日英语 2019-06-28 23:29:53

《西湖游览志》称:“民间以月饼相馈,取团圆之义。”相传我国古代,帝王就有春天祭日、秋天祭月的礼制。在民间,每逢八月中秋,也有左右拜月或祭月的风俗。


而到如今八月十五中秋节,“祭奉月神”“月下对酌”、“赏月题诗”的模式已经归于“古董”,但“食月饼”“赏圆月”仍是千家万户的保留节目。因为月圆,饼也圆,又是合家分吃,所以逐渐形成了月饼代表家人团圆的寓意。


那么中秋节为什么要吃月饼呢?


Photo credit: Getty Images


For those unfamiliar with the cult round pastries filled with sticky, sweet paste and served with tea after a meal, they are baked for the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month , when families and groups of friends head outdoors to admire the full moon and give thanks to the unity and good fortune that this feast represents. The cakes, however, gained a notoriety of their own when, in the 14th century, General Zhu Yuan Chang is said to have signalled the start of the Ming uprising by hiding political messages in them and distributing them to supporters.

有些外国朋友不是很熟悉月饼,这是一种中国农历八月十五即中秋佳节的传统糕点。古时为祭品,圆形,内有甜而黏的馅,饭后随茶享用。中秋节,亲朋相拥,佳肴美酒配以富有团圆之意的月饼,赏月聊天的同时,也为合家团圆、美好生活祈福。据说吃月饼的习俗起源于14世纪,当时百姓不堪忍受元朝的残酷统治,起义领导者朱元璋想要联合各路反抗力量一同起义,但朝廷官兵搜查十分严密,传递消息十分困难。当时的军师刘伯温想出一个妙计——命令属下把写有“八月十五夜起义”的纸条藏入饼子里面,再派人分头传送到各地起义军中,通知他们在八月十五日晚上起义响应。至此中秋吃月饼的习俗便在民间流传开来。


Photo credit: Getty Images


然而在中秋节,与品月饼同样重要的一项习俗,即为赏月。


追溯中秋赏月的来历,据《长安玩月诗序》载:“秋之于时,后夏先冬;八月于秋,季始孟终;十五之夜,又月之中。稽于天道,则寒暑均,取于月数,则蟾魄圆。”也就是说,八月十五在秋季八月中间,故曰:“中秋”。


在中国有一个关于中秋的美丽传说:《嫦娥奔月》,然而与我们所熟知的故事不同的是,西方对这个故事又有另外的解释。


One day, the ten sons of the Jade Emperor in heaven transformed into ten suns, which caused the Earth to scorch and all the plants to die.

The Jade Emperor summoned Houyi to stop his sons from ruining the Earth, so Houyi shot down nine of the Jade Emperor's sons, leaving just one to be the sun.

有一天,玉皇大帝的十个儿子变成了十个太阳, 巨大的热量炙烤着大地,所有植物都将凋零。

玉皇大帝召见后羿去阻止他儿子毁灭地球的恶行。后羿射下了九个太阳,只留下一个,照耀众生。


To punish Houyi for killing nine of his sons, the Jade Emperor banished Houyi and Chang'e to live as mortals forever on Earth.

Chang'e was incredibly upset at losing her immortality so Houyi went on a long quest to find the Pill of Immortality/Elixir of Immortality.

为了惩罚后羿杀害了他的九个儿子,玉皇大帝将后羿和他的妻子嫦娥贬为凡人,永远在凡间生活。

嫦娥失去了长生不老的仙人身份,十分难过,所以后羿一直在苦苦找寻长生不老的灵丹妙药。


Photo credit: Getty Images


In one version of the story, Chang'e consumes the pill/elixir to prevent Houyi's evil apprentice Feng Meng from getting hold of it, while in another version, she finds the pill out of curiosity and consumes it by accident.

一个版本是说,嫦娥服下长生不老药,是为了防止后羿的恶徒冯孟得到;还有一个版本,嫦娥出于好奇心找到了长生不老药,并偶然服下它。

In all versions of the legend, Chang'e becomes immortal and flies to the moon. She and Houyi are separated forever, although some retellings claim that during the Mid-Autumn festival, Houyi can cross the Milky Way and get closer to Chang'e as the distance between them is lessened by the new moon.

但无论是在哪一个版本中,嫦娥最终长生不老并飞向了月宫。她与后羿永远的分开了,但后来传说,在中秋这天,后羿会穿越银河与嫦娥相望,而那时的新月可以缩短两人之间的距离。


Photo credit: Getty Images


我国月饼品种繁多,

按产地分有:京式、广式、苏式、台式、滇式、港式、潮式、甚至日式等;

就口味而言,有甜味、咸味、咸甜味、麻辣味;

从馅心讲,有五仁、豆沙、冰糖、芝麻、火腿月饼等;

按饼皮分,则有浆皮、混糖皮、酥皮三大类;


传统月饼 Traditional styles

我们说的“广式月饼”(Cantonese-style mooncake),除此之外,还有“苏式月饼”(Suzhou-style mooncake),“京式月饼”(Beijing-style mooncake),“滇式月饼”(Yunnan-style mooncake)等。


创新月饼 Contemporary Styles

除了这些我们从小吃到大的月饼品种,近年来,越来越多的个性化月饼走上了市场。比如说,有些厂家推出了“低糖月饼”(low-sugar mooncake)“无脂月饼”(fat-free mooncake)等。


Photo credit: Getty Images


最最最常见的月饼口味有豆沙(Sweet bean paste),枣泥(Jujube paste),莲蓉 (Lotus seed paste),五仁(Five kernel)。其实“五仁月饼”中的“五仁”是指花生(peanut),核桃(walnut seed),瓜子(watermelon seed),杏仁(almond),松子(pine nut)。


那么大家喜欢吃哪一种口味的月饼呢?





昨日小F团队美女责编大婚~~

很多读者都猜对啦~~

小F祝各位中秋快乐,

日子红红火火!


恭喜昵称为“Pomelo is not induced”读者第一个答对,节后小F送您一本FT中文网10周年红色记事本,还有责编的喜糖也得来一份~~


感谢所有参与的读者,你们猜升职加薪的,小F一直纠结要不要@老板;说团队添丁,小小F诞生的,有消息的话,八卦小F一定会告诉你们~~


中秋了,请小F吃块月饼吧!




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